Research Article

Iran-US nuclear deal: Tehran back on track


18 May 2017

Iran is a Middle Eastern country, sharing borders with Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Azerbaijan, Turkey and Armenia. The country has been striving hard to get nuclear technology. Many states viewed in the 1990s that Iran was on the verge of achieving a civil nuclear technology. Iran’s clandestine research in both fuel enrichment and conversion raised international concerns in 2002 and 2003 that the country had gone beyond its purported peaceful purposes. Therefore, the international... Read More

Pakistan in Saudi-led anti-terrorism alliance?: Background


19 December 2015

On 15 December, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia announced the formation of a military alliance against the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) or Daesh. To the surprise of Pakistan, it too was included in the alliance. Meanwhile, Pakistani Foreign Office later clarified that it is still looking into the details of the role of Pakistan in the alliance proposal. So, is Pakistan part of the alliance? Or, is it  not? To understand the broader politics behind, do read recent insights by... Read More

Executive Summary of comprehensive package of NAP


14 December 2015

Ever since NAP has been launched, there has been decline in violence in the country. This decline needs to be sustained by simultaneously addressing the much deeper issues, going beyond the militaristic quick fixes. Without addressing those issues, the fear of return to violence lurks behind. It was in late December 2014 that the Prime Minister, Mr. Nawaz Sharif, responding to the dastardly attack on a school in Peshawar week earlier, rolled out its counter-terror strategy, National... Read More

Sectarian violence in Parachinar: Backgrounder on NAP actions against sectarian terrorists


14 December 2015

Sectarian terrorists hit a make-shift market in Parachinar on December 13 killing 25 people and wounding more than 60 others. Lashkar-e-Jhangvi Al-Aalmi and South Waziristan-based Ansarul Mujahideen separately claimed responsibility for the attack. Historically, Kurram Agency has been a hotspot of sectarian violence between local Sunni and Shia tribes. But in the past few years, situation has significantly improved there. Does December 13 attack indicate that sectarian-oriented terrorists are... Read More

San Bernardino shootout: Backgrounders


11 December 2015

The December 2 deadly shootout at San Bernardino, United States, by an American couple of Pakistani descents, is raising new questions about their path towards radicalization. Of special curiosity is the embrace of radical ideas by women or the educated youth, especially among the diaspora.   Here are two relevant studies PIPS undertook, that may help in finding the answers Women Radicalization: An Empirical Study This background highlights the need to explore the impact of... Read More

Fighting terror: institutional structure in the context of NAP


08 December 2015

T he National Action Plan, announced after the December 16 attack, enlists 20 points meant to fight terrorism in the country. To undertake these points, the government constituted several committees. A central coordinating body NACTA was already tasked to collaborate on counter-terror information. Above all, apex committees comprising civil-military leadership were formed in all four provinces, on the same subject. This essay describes the several... Read More

Timeline of NAP actions


07 December 2015

Timeline of NAP actions When? What? The source? Dec. 30, 2014 The five religious educational boards agreed to consider government proposal of adding modern education in their syllabus. Dawn, December 31, 2014, http://www.dawn.com/news/1154216/seminaries-agree-to-consider-incorporating-modern-education. Jan. 1, 2015 The federal government has set up three special... Read More

Dead wrong


07 December 2015

  Immediately after the December 16 Taliban attack on Army Public School (APS) in Peshawar last year, Pakistan scrapped a six-year informal moratorium on executions, and approved “execution of death penalty in terrorism-related cases”.[1] The executions had been suspended in December 2008. Within a week, by December 24, the federal government facilitated a ‘national consensus’ on a National Action Plan (NAP) to counter terrorism.... Read More

Special courts


07 December 2015

In light of National Action Plan, several military-led special courts have been set up across the country. Today, they operate with secrecy. This sets wrong precedent. In any case, military courts are not the solution to cut in militancy in the long-range. What is needed is a long-term strategy, which, instead of dismantling the constitutional setup, strengthens it. So far, that is still missing. Shrouded in secrecy After the Peshawar carnage, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif announced... Read More

NACTA, nay activated


07 December 2015

One had thought that the horrific terrorist attack on Army Public School in Peshawar in December 2014 would evoke a robust response. Much hope was pinned on the National Action Plan, a list of actions the government announced to fight terrorism in the country.[1]Not least, because the National Counter Terrorism Authority [NACTA], is often taken as a coordinating point of all steps of NAP.[2] This was a decision of fundamental nature for integrating and orchestrating the national counter... Read More

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