An independent think-tank

“There is no faith-based discrimination in the Constitution”


11 April 2018

The Constitution of Pakistan grants equal rights to all Pakistanis, irrespective of any faith. In some cases, non-Muslims are even given more rights than Muslims, to avoid any discrimination. Yet, on ground, the feeling is otherwise. It is actually the state that has not embraced a common Pakistani as an equal citizen with certain rights.

These thoughts came in a workshop-discussion organized by Pak Institute for Peace Studies (PIPS), on “Engaging on freedom of faith and inter-faith harmony” in Islamabad on 11 April 2018. The workshop was attended by around 20 experts, faith leaders, and development professionals who have worked in the domain of interfaith harmony. The purpose of the discussion was to know how to undertake different activities aimed at enhancing interfaith harmony.

Zafarullah Khan, expert on constitution affairs, argued it is not that only a non-Muslim is discriminated; many Muslims too have are on the periphery, and, like non-Muslims, are vulnerable to exploitation too. Rather than compartmentalizing the issue, presenting it as the problem of one or other community, he asked to explore how common Pakistanis have been denied the rights accorded to them as citizens of the land. This, he said, has spawned different types of citizens, ranging from those who live in FATA to those who in Islamabad.

Renowned Islamic scholar Dr Khalid Masud also underscored that acccording to Islamic jurisprudence, non-Muslims Pakistanis are equal citizens of the land and cannot be regarded as “zimmis.

Meanwhile, Zafarullah Khan, quoting from the constitutional history of Pakistan, underlined that “democracy in Pakistan has promoted inclusion of non-Muslims, whereas dictatorial eras saw exclusion.” This reality calls upon strengthening democratic norms and institutions in the country.

Earlier, PIPS’s project manager Muhammad Ismail Khan, said that a critical issue faced by non-Muslims and Muslims alike is inconsistency in their proper documentation. Non-Muslims contend they are under-reported. In some cases, those on the lower-rung even lack identity documents, thereby excluding them from socio-political processes and increasing their vulnerabilities.

A range of suggestions were discussed, one of which was about economic mainstreaming of non-Muslims. It was suggested that the 5% quota marked for non-Muslims should be filled properly. Civil society should get data on that, and train others on how to get that data, using the Right to Information Act (RTI).

Experts also touched upon the need for interfaith harmony through education reforms. Romana Bashir, peace activist, also talked about segregation in the schools and the discrimination meted to non-Muslims.

Educationist A.H. Nayyar said that hate speech has created an insecure environment in campus. It has distorted the harmony in educational sector too. Hate speakers are the major player of creating disturbances; this should stop, he said.