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Pakistan’s Evolving Militant Landscape: State Responses and Policy Options

Pak Institute for Peace Studies (PIPS) launched its research report ‘Pakistan’s Evolving Militant Landscape: State Responses and Policy Options’ on May 16, 2024, in Islamabad.

Academics, former diplomats, journalists, policy analysts, experts on Afghan affairs, and representatives of civil society, among others, attended the event. PIPS President Muhammad Amir Rana moderated the session that provided every discussant an opportunity to give their feedback over the research followed by a question answer session.

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Pakistan’s Evolving Militant Landscape: State Responses and Policy options

The militant landscape in Pakistan has become increasingly diverse, with religiously motivated, nationalist insurgent, and sectarian groups gaining momentum. This shift has been particularly noticeable since the rise of the Taliban in neighbouring Afghanistan. At a time when a major shift is happening in the militant landscape of the country and a political transition is taking place, it is imperative to reevaluate the evolving positions and strategies of not only the militant groups but also the newly formed governments.

In light of this context, PIPS undertook a firsthand, empirical investigation into the expanding terrorism landscape in the country, scrutinizing the formation of new alliances and networks among terrorist groups, mapping the geographical spread of insecurity and violence, and assessing their ramifications for both domestic and regional security paradigms, among other things. The insights gleaned from this investigation were subsequently utilized to formulate context-specific policy recommendations on how to manage or prevent the negative fallout from evolving Afghanistan situation on Pakistan and the region.

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PIPS CONSULTATION-12 ON AFGHAN PEACE & RECONCILIATION

This report is outcome of the last PIPS-led structured consultation out of a series of twelve such events that have been designed to discuss and critically evaluate evolving aspects of Afghan conflict and political reconciliation and suggest policy options and strategies to the governments of Pakistan and Afghanistan. To that end, PIPS has established a network of credible resource persons including former diplomats, academicians, government officials, and representatives of political and religious parties, security and law enforcement agencies, civil society, and media, as well as those living at the border including Afghan refugees. The underlying goal is to support Afghan peace and reconciliation and tackle its trickle-down effect for Pakistan including in terms of militancy and insecurity, among other things.

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PIPS CONSULTATION-12 ON AFGHAN PEACE & RECONCILIATION

Pak Institute for Peace Studies convened its 12th quarterly consultation on “Afghan peace and reconciliation: Pakistan’s interests and policy options” in Islamabad on March 15, 2024. The focal points of discussion encompassed “Pakistan’s Afghan policy puzzle: challenges and opportunities for the new government” and “The counterterrorism and counter-extremism challenges for the new federal and provincial governments.” Participants included lawmakers from national and provincial assemblies, diplomats, retired military officials, academics, journalists, policy analysts, and experts on Afghan affairs.

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PIPS CONSULTATION-12 ON AFGHAN PEACE & RECONCILIATION

Pak Institute for Peace Studies convened its 12th quarterly consultation on “Afghan peace and reconciliation: Pakistan’s interests and policy options” in Islamabad on March 15, 2024. The focal points of discussion encompassed “Pakistan’s Afghan policy puzzle: challenges and opportunities for the new government” and “The counterterrorism and counter-extremism challenges for the new federal and provincial governments.” Participants included lawmakers from national and provincial assemblies, diplomats, retired military officials, academics, journalists, policy analysts, and experts on Afghan affairs.

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