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Pak Institute for Peace Studies (PIPS) has been working since 2011 to explore and suggest policy options for Pakistan’s counter-violent extremism (CVE) and terrorism. In 2021, it undertook a project titled “Promoting soft approaches in countering terrorism and extremism in Pakistan.” The project involved regional level consultations with key stakeholders based on which a document was designed titled Charter of Peace.
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In 2022, the number of terrorist attacks in Pakistan marked an increase of 27 percent from the previous year. The number of terrorist attacks in the country also continued to rise for the second consecutive year. A total of 262 terrorist attacks in Pakistan in the year – including 14 suicide bombings –claimed in all 419 lives and injured another 734 people. A 25 percent increase has been recorded in fatalities in the outgoing year as compared with 2021.

Pak Institute for Peace Studies revealed these statistics in its annual “Pakistan Security Report 2022”. The report further noted that the proscribed Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) was becoming a major irritant in Islamabad’s relations with the Taliban government in Kabul as the militant group remained one of the major actors of violence in Pakistan in the year 2022. Other critical actors of violence in 2022 were Islamic State-Khorasan (IS-K) and Balochistan Liberation Army (BLA). Over 60 percent of total terrorist attacks recorded in Pakistan in the year were perpetrated by these three militant groups. Similarly, about 95 percent of the total recorded terrorist attacks in Pakistan in 2022 concentrated in in Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa provinces.


Although Pakistan has yet to recognize the de facto government of Afghanistan, it was one of the first countries to welcome the Taliban’s takeover of Kabul. Since then, the events and developments in Afghanistan have been negatively affecting Pakistan’s internal and border securities. Pakistan witnessed a
27 percent spike in terrorist attacks in 2022, as compared to the year before. This is becoming worrisome for Pakistan, which expected the Taliban to set out a friendly regime across its western border, which helps in counteracting terrorist threat including cross-border. Nevertheless, realizing the significance of a secure and stable Afghanistan for its own security, Pakistan continued to influence the world community to engage with the Afghan Taliban. For one, Foreign Minister Bilawal Bhutto recently warned of the dangerous consequences if Afghanistan’s rulers were once again left isolated.

These are some of the key findings from Pak Institute for Peace Studies’ recently released 6th quarterly Afghan monitor. This series of ‘monitoring and analysis reports’ constitutes one of the key components of a PIPS programme that aims at strengthening Pakistan’s support for peace and reconciliation in Afghanistan.


Youth-led Observatory Training on Freedom of Religious Beliefs in Pakistan

After a year-long exercise to train university students on interfaith harmony and social peace, Pak Institute for Peace Studies (PIPS) selected 50 young observers (students) from across the country to monitor freedom of faith violations and hate speech. A two-day training program was conducted on 9-10 January in Islamabad in this regard. The event was part of a PIPS initiative to train and engage youth for social cohesion and interfaith harmony in Pakistan. The selected youth were trained to be observers on hate speech and freedom of faith violations.